Introduction

The Excretory system is located in the lower body parts. The organs that are in this system are the kidneys and the bladder. This systems functions are cleaning your blood and disposing it.

Major Organs

The major organs of the excretory system are the bladder and the kidneys.
The job of the kidneys are to filter all of the bacteria out of your blood. Then it turns it into liquid waste.
The job of the bladder is to hold all the of the liquid waste until it is ready and gets rid of it by putting it into the toilet.



external image urinary-system.jpg

Bladder: Holds the liquid waste that the kidneys give them.
Kidney/s: Clean out the blood and give it into the bladder to be disposed.

System Functions

The excretory system works with other systems by removing their waste. When the respiratory, circulatory, or digestive system have bad waste, the excretory system cleans it out and disposes it.

Disorders/Diseases

Bladder Cancer
Bladder cancer occurs when there are abnormal, cancerous cells growing in the bladder. Bladder cancer effects men 4 times more than women. Over 70% of people diagnosed with bladder cancer are over 65 years old. Things that cause bladder cancer are smoking,age,race, or family history.
Symptoms:
  • visible blood in the urine
  • painful urination
  • urgency - frequently feeling the need to urinate without results.
  • frequent urination
  • pelvic or flank pain
Possible Treatments: surgery
Neurogenic Bladder
The muscles and nerves of the urinary system work together to hold urine in the bladder and then release it at the appropriate time. Nerves carry messages from the bladder to the brain and from the brain to the muscles of the bladder telling them either to tighten or release. In a neurogenic bladder, the nerves that are supposed to carry these messages do not work properly.

Staying Healthy

How to stay healthy in the excretory system.
1.Drink water when you feel thirsty.
2.Go easy on the salt, which makes you retain water.
3.Consider reducing your caffeine intake.
4.Take extra water when you are out in the sun or doing aerobic exercise.
5. Another way is eating cranberries.

Other Interesting Information

1. Why is pee yellow?
A: It all begins with your blood. Old blood cells are broken down and moved to your liver. Your liver turns the cells into a yellow liquid. The yellow stuff, called urobilin, leaves your body with your urine. Your pee is actually clear until it mixes with urobilin.
2. Can your pee become a different color?
A: Yes, your pee can turn a different color by using food coloring, beets,phenazopyridine, or multivitamins. All these can turn your pee into colors like blue,green,pink,orange, or red.
3. Why do people have not that much urine when they urinate?
A:Sometimes people have this urge to urinate shortly after visiting the restroom. Then when they try to urinate, only a little urine comes out. This mostly happens during a bladder or urinary tract infection.


Resources

http://visual.merriam-webster.com/human-being/anatomy/urinary-system.php
http://www.livestrong.com/article/192588-disorders-diseases-of-the-excretory-system/
http://www.rsd.edu/schools/carmichael/masters/pdf/hwsystmswrky.pdf
http://nyp.org/health/urology-diseases.html
http://www.livestrong.com/article/104279-keep-urinary-system/
Rake, Jody. Why Feet Smell and Other Gross Facts About Your Body. Minnesota: Capstone Press, 2012.
http://www.schooltube.com/video/d6603dd06b50822215e7/Excretory%20System
Living Systems. Berkley: Delta Education, 2009.